Hyperacidity & Gas in Ayurveda

Our Stomach has Acids that help in digesting the food we eat. When digestion is not proper, the Acid levels increase, which leads to Hyperacidity.

In Ayurveda, digestive acids are correlated with Pitta element present in the stomach. Aggravation and imbalance of Pitta causes Hyperacidity. The food is not digested properly and quickly and cannot move through the system aggravating Kapha element. Instead, undigested food sits in the stomach and undergoes fermentation, producing excess gas (aggravated Vaat element) and acid as a result. Gas  is belching, flatulence, abdominal pain and/or bloating. Thus, Gas and Hyperacidity, both are indigestion problems. Gas can follow Hyperacidity or can precede it. It’s a vicious circle. All the three body elements Vaat, Pitta & Kapha get aggravated.

  • Gas, Heartburn
  • Frequent burps
  • Acid regurgitation through the mouth
  • Fatigue without physical exertion
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Constipation or Diarrhoea  

Faulty dietary habits is the most common cause.

  • Overeating or Skipping Meals
  • Untimely food
  • Not eating while you are hungry will trigger Hyperacidity.
  • Intolerance to Certain Foods or Medications
  • Eating Incompatible Food Combinations
  • Excessive intake of sour, hot, spicy, pungent (pepper onion garlic ginger) & fermented foods & beverages
  • Excessive intake of Alcohal  or Smoking
  • Heavy Kapha provoking foods such as Cheeseburgers, Fried White flour foods, Grinded Urad products, Rabri, High sugar foods, Jaggery.
  • Excessive dry or excessive liquid foods
  • Excessive intake of water during meals


  • Rainy season, extremely hot humid climate
  • Stress, anger, impatience
  • Certain Health Conditions like old age, obesity
  • Retention of natural body urges

Hyperacidity can be mild or severe, and so can be its symptoms. If left untreated, Hyperacidity may lead to complications like Ulcerations in the Gastro-intestinal Tract.

  • Old grains (rice, barley, wheat), split moong daal
  • Sweet pomegranate, apple, sweet orange, ber, banana, sweet mango
  • Fresh Coconut water or fruit
  • Bittergourd (kerala), Spinach (paalak), Sponge gourd (ghiya), Ridge gourd (tori)
  • Milk, Fresh butter, Cow ghee
  • Coriander, Cumin, Mulethii
  • Amla in the murabba form
  • Black raisins (munakka) is the best dryfruit in this category. Soak in water for 5-6 hours, take out the seeds and consume in a quantity of 10-20 per day.
  • In small amounts- Chene kii mithaai
  • Lemonade of Paper Lemon with slight sugar & salt in afternoon.
  • YavaaniShaadav/Sitopalaadi 10 minutes before food in a dose of 1- 3 gms with honey 2 or 3 times a day. This improves digestion power. Caution for diabetics and preganancy.
  • Asfoetida (heeng), Ajwain, Garlic try to pacify Gas and can be added in slight amount to foods which aggravate Gas. Their excessive intake can cause Hyperacidity.
  • Habit of keeping happiness by meditation or stress management techniques.


  • Avoid causative factors .
  • Vinegar, tomatoes, sour citrus fruits, orange juice, salsa, yogurt (except lassi), onions, garlic, chili peppers, salty fried foods and alcohol all aggravate Gas & Acidity. These foods should be completely avoided until the acid level is brought into complete balance. And if there is an intolerance to these foods, they should be avoided in general.
  • Peas, Root vegetables like Colocasia (arabi), Potato,etc. Aggravate Gas
  • Avoid any store brought juices as they contain citric acid as preservative which triggers Hyperacidity.
  • Avoid late night sleep and not getting enough time to sleep.

 – Dr Malika Ahuja

5 thoughts on “Hyperacidity & Gas in Ayurveda

  1. Dear Dr Malika
    This article is really very useful. But there are certain doubts in my my mind.
    1. Foods such as hing and lehsun are helpful in case of gas whereas they cause acidity. In such case how to get out of this vicious circle of Vaat, Pitta and Kuff aggravation?
    I mean how these three doshas can be taken care of simultaneously?
    2. Do you recommend curd with sugar in case of acidity problem?
    3. Do you recommend curd with dinner?

    1. Dear Dr Mamta,
      Here are the replies to your queries:
      1) Hing & lehsun pacify Vaat or Gas, but in large amount aggravate Pitta or Acid. So, should be taken in very small amount with the foods which cause gas. Foods which are recommended in Indigestion & Hyperacidity have been explained in the article.
      2. Sweet Lassi can be taken, in a dose of 1 cup a day.
      3. Curd with dinner should be avoided according to Main Literature of Ayurveda-Charak & Sushrut.

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