An Overview, Dermatological Uses, Side effects and Risk factors
Latin name: Azadirachta indica
Charaka samhita: कण्डूघ्न, तिक्तस्कन्ध
English name: Margosa
Hindi name: Neem
Taste: Bitter, Astringent
Parts used: Whole tree
It is an evergreen tree that grows upto 20 M. It grows in tropical climate.
Azadirachtin, Nimbin, Nimbidin, Nimbidol, Calcium, Iron, Chlorophyll, Oxalic acid, Quercetin, Stearic acid, Sterols, Triterpenoids, Thiamine, Vitamin A, Vitamin C.
Mode of action:
- Kapha Pitta shamak
- Blood purifier
- Antiseptic, Astringent, Wound healing
- Anti-diabetic, Diuretic
- Antiinflammatory, Antipyretic
- Stomachic, Purgative
- Acne, Blackheads
- Psoriasis, Leprosy
- Head and Body lice
- Abscess, Ulcers, Insect bites
- Alopecia areata, Dandruff
- Venereal diseases
- Plaque formation in the mouth
- Bad breath
Side effects and Risk factors:
- Oral intake is UNSAFE for Infants and children. Serious side effects include vomiting, diarrhoea, drowsiness, blood disorders, seizures, loss of consciousness, coma, brain disorders, and death.
- Avoid in Pregnancy as it is a Uterine stimulant. Leaf is also used for birth control and to cause abortion.
- If you are trying to have children, avoid using Neem.
- Monitor blood sugar level, as Neem can lower blood sugar levels.
- Do not use Neem if you have had an organ transplant.
- Stop using Neem at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
– Dr Malika Ahuja