Neem – Azadirachta indica

An Overview, Dermatological Uses, Side effects and Risk factors

Family: Meliaceae
Latin name: Azadirachta indica
Charaka samhita: कण्डूघ्न, तिक्तस्कन्ध
English name: Margosa
Hindi name: Neem
Taste: Bitter, Astringent
Nature: Cold
Parts used: Whole tree

It is an evergreen tree that grows upto 20 M. It grows in tropical climate.

Phytochemical constituents:
Azadirachtin, Nimbin, Nimbidin, Nimbidol, Calcium, Iron, Chlorophyll, Oxalic acid, Quercetin, Stearic acid, Sterols, Triterpenoids, Thiamine, Vitamin A, Vitamin C.

Mode of action:

  • Kapha Pitta shamak
  • Blood purifier
  • Antiseptic, Astringent, Wound healing
  • Expectorant
  • Anti-diabetic, Diuretic
  • Emmenagogue
  • Stimulant
  • Anthelmintic
  • Antiinflammatory, Antipyretic
  • Anti-oxidant
  • Stomachic, Purgative
  • Hepatoprotective

Therapeutic Benefits:

  • Acne, Blackheads
  • Psoriasis, Leprosy
  • Head and Body lice
  • Candidiasis
  • Abscess, Ulcers, Insect bites
  • Alopecia areata, Dandruff
  • Venereal diseases
  • Debility
  • Plaque formation in the mouth
  • Bad breath

Side effects and Risk factors:

  • Oral intake is UNSAFE for Infants and children. Serious side effects include vomiting, diarrhoea, drowsiness, blood disorders, seizures, loss of consciousness, coma, brain disorders, and death.
  • Avoid in Pregnancy as it is a Uterine stimulant. Leaf is also used for birth control and to cause abortion.
  • If you are trying to have children, avoid using Neem.
  • Monitor blood sugar level, as Neem can lower blood sugar levels.
  • Do not use Neem if you have had an organ transplant.
  • Stop using Neem at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

​   – Dr Malika Ahuja

1 thought on “Neem – Azadirachta indica

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *